How to write a professional email for a job

How To Write A Professional Email In 11 Steps (Tips, Tricks, and Templates)

In our digital age, emails are the go-to for professional communication

Whether you’re applying for a job, reaching out to a professor, or just asking for something, knowing how to properly write an email is key.

Ready to learn the basics? We’ll cover the right way to format your emails, show you examples, and even provide you with a handy template at the end. 

1. Get a Professional Email Address

Your email address is your digital first impression. 

A professional email address typically follows a format that includes your name.

Avoid funky characters, and make sure it’s available. If you’re representing a company, use the company’s domain for that extra pro touch. 

Here are some examples:

1. [email protected] (e.g., [email protected])

2. [email protected] (e.g., [email protected])

3. [email protected] (e.g., [email protected])

4. [email protected] (e.g., [email protected])

5. [email protected] (e.g., [email protected])

2. Write an Effective Subject Line

Have you ever wondered how to grab someone’s attention with your email right from the get-go? 

Well, it all starts with that little line called the subject line.

Imagine you’re a hiring manager going through a pile of job applications. 

Which email are you more likely to click on: “Job Application” or “Marketing Analyst Position_Your Name_CV”?

Notice the difference?

The second subject line is undeniably more effective. It tells the recipient what’s inside the email and why they should care. 

So, when writing your professional emails, make the subject line a sneak peek into what your email’s all about.

3. Be Clear When Addressing People

When addressing individuals in your email, the right approach demonstrates respect and courtesy. Here’s how to do it:

For example, if you’re aware of the person’s name and title, avoid a generic “Hello.” Instead, opt for the appropriate title, honorific, or pronoun followed by their name.

But what if you don’t know their name? In such cases, it’s perfectly acceptable to use “Dear Sir or Madam” or “To whom it may concern.” These salutations are polite and respectful ways to begin your email when you’re unsure of the recipient’s name.

4. Explain Your Purpose Clearly

Now, let’s avoid playing email hide-and-seek. When you’re writing a professional email, clarity is your best friend. 

Think about it like giving directions—you wouldn’t want to confuse someone, right?

For example, if you’re emailing to ask about a job opening, don’t beat around the bush. 

Say something like, “I’m writing to inquire about the Marketing Assistant position advertised on your website.”

See how clear that is? 

Your reader knows exactly why you’re emailing them. 

5. Keep Your Email Short and Clear

Here’s the deal: People are busy, and a long email can be overwhelming. 

So, keep it short and sweet. 

For example, instead of writing a lengthy email about a project update, you can say:

“Dear [Recipient’s Name],

I want to update you on the project’s progress. We are on track and should meet the deadline.

Best regards, 

[Your Name]”


Clear, concise, and to the point. 

6. End Professionally

Closing your email professionally is like putting the cherry on top of a sundae—it leaves a delightful impression. 

Here’s a list of examples for you to choose from:

  • Best regards,
  • Yours sincerely, (when you know the name)
  • Yours faithfully, (when you don’t know the name)
  • Kind regards,
  • Respectfully,
  • Yours truly,
  • Warm regards,
  • Regards,
  • Best wishes.

Don’t forget to include a comma at the end of each closing option.

7. Be Respectful of Different Cultures

In our interconnected world, it’s crucial to be aware of cultural differences. Your email might be read by someone from a different cultural background, so keep that in mind.

Avoid slang, idioms, text abbreviations, or humor that might not translate well.

When scheduling events or setting deadlines, always specify the time zone to prevent confusion.

For example, saying, “Our virtual meeting is at 10 AM GMT,” ensures everyone knows exactly when to log in, regardless of their geographical location.

Trust me, your recipient will greatly appreciate your attention to cultural awareness.

8. Use Formal Words and Phrases

Formal language is used to convey respect, professionalism, and clarity in communication. 

Here are some examples of when and how to use formal language in various contexts:

For a Job Application:

Subject: Application for Marketing Manager Position

Dear Hiring Manager,

I am writing to express my strong interest in the Marketing Manager position at XYZ Company, as advertised on your website. 

Enclosed, please find my resume and a detailed cover letter outlining my qualifications and relevant experience. 

I look forward to the opportunity to discuss how my skills align with the needs of your organization.


[Your Name]

To a Professor:

Subject: Inquiry Regarding Course Material

Dear Professor Smith,

I hope this email finds you well. 

I am a student in your Introduction to Economics course and am writing to request clarification on some of the course material discussed during our last lecture. Specifically, I am seeking further insights into the concept of supply and demand. 

Your guidance would be greatly appreciated.

Best regards, 

[Your Name]

To a Teacher:

Subject: Request for Homework Extension

Dear Mr./Ms. [Teacher’s Last Name],

I hope you are having a pleasant day. 

I am writing to request an extension for the upcoming homework assignment due on [Due Date]. 

Due to unforeseen circumstances, I am finding it challenging to meet the deadline. I am committed to completing the assignment to the best of my ability and would greatly appreciate your consideration of this extension request.

Thank you for your understanding.


[Your Name]

Asking for Something:

Subject: Request for a Letter of Recommendation

Dear [Recipient’s Name],

I hope this message finds you well. 

I am writing to request your assistance with providing a letter of recommendation for my graduate school application. 

Your insight into my academic abilities and character would be invaluable in this process. 

If you require any additional information or would like to discuss this further, please let me know.

Thank you for considering my request.


[Your Name]

To a Company:

Subject: Inquiry Regarding Product Information

Dear Sir/Madam,

I trust this message finds your team in good health. 

I am writing to inquire about your company’s product offerings, specifically regarding the [Product Name]. Could you please provide me with detailed information on its features, pricing, and availability? 

I appreciate your prompt response.

Yours faithfully, 

[Your Name]

9. Attach Files and Share Links

When you need to send documents, presentations, or files (such as your CV, cover letter, or reference letters), simply locate the trusty paperclip icon and then choose the file you want to attach from your computer.

For instance, if you’re dispatching a project report, give that paperclip a tap, select your “Project_Report.docx” file, and voila, it’s attached. 

Sometimes, it’s more convenient to share a link to a document, webpage, or even a video. Instead of sending a massive file, you simply drop the link right into your email. For example, if you want to share a useful article about how to improve your English writing skills, just paste the link, and it will appear in your email as a clickable link.

10. Make Your Email Easy to Read on Mobile

Seriously, how many times a day do you check your emails on your smartphone? 

Remember, just as you may lose count, so can your recipients.

To ensure your messages are easily digestible on those little screens, here are some valuable tips for optimization

Short and Sweet: Keep your emails short and to the point. A lengthy email on a small screen can feel like trying to read a novel on your phone—not exactly comfy, right?

Paragraph Breaks: Break your text into smaller paragraphs. It is easier on the eyes and helps your reader follow along without feeling lost.

Readable Fonts: Instead of downsizing your font to the point of microscopic text, choose a size that’s comfortably legible.

Device-Specific Signatures: Be mindful of auto-generated signatures, especially when sending emails from mobile devices. These signatures can occasionally clutter your message and, depending on your settings, may even include superfluous details like “Sent from iPhone.” Take a moment to review and customize your signature settings for a cleaner and more polished presentation.

11. Proofread and Edit

Typos and grammatical errors can tarnish your professional image. Proofreading and editing your emails before hitting “send” is a must.

One effective proofreading technique is to read your email aloud. This helps you catch awkward sentences and errors you might have missed while silently reading.

Use tools like Grammarly or built-in spell checkers in your email client to catch common mistakes. These handy helpers save you from embarrassing slip-ups.

Sometimes, a fresh pair of eyes can spot errors you overlooked. If possible, ask a trusted colleague to review your email before sending it.


What Is A Professional Email?

Well, think of it as the digital equivalent of a formal letter. It’s the kind of email you’d send in a professional or academic setting, like at work, for business matters, or during your university journey. The key here is to keep it clear, maintain a polite tone, and stick to some established conventions.

How Do You Start A Professional Email?

You can start with a polite greeting, addressing the recipient by their title and last name if known (e.g., “Dear Mr. Smith”). 

What Is An Example Of A Professional Email?

Looking for a real-world example of a professional email? Take a look at this one:

Subject: Inquiry about Job Opportunities

Dear Mr. Johnson,

I hope this email finds you well. My name is [Your Full Name], and I recently came across [Company Name] through your website. I was impressed by your company’s mission and values, and I am very interested in potential job opportunities.

I have attached my resume to this email, which outlines my educational background and work experience. I have a strong passion for [relevant industry or field], and I believe that my skills and qualifications align well with the values and goals of [Company Name].

I would greatly appreciate the opportunity to discuss potential openings at [Company Name] and how my background could contribute to your team’s success. 

Thank you for your time and consideration. I look forward to hearing from you.


[Your Full Name] 

[Your Phone Number] 

[Your Email Address]

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